Marines

Marines -- more info

The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is the maritime land force service branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting expeditionary and amphibious operations through combined arms, implementing its own infantry, artillery, aerial, and special operations forces. The U.S. Marine Corps is one of the eight uniformed services of the United States.

The Marine Corps has been part of the U.S. Department of the Navy since 30 June 1834 with its sister service, the United States Navy. The USMC operates installations on land and aboard sea-going amphibious warfare ships around the world. Additionally, several of the Marines' tactical aviation squadrons, primarily Marine Fighter Attack squadrons, are also embedded in Navy carrier air wings and operate from the aircraft carriers.

The Marine Corps was founded to serve as an infantry unit aboard naval vessels and was responsible for the security of the ship and its crew by conducting offensive and defensive combat during boarding actions and defending the ship's officers from mutiny; to the latter end, their quarters on the ship were often strategically positioned between the officers' quarters and the rest of the vessel. Continental Marines manned raiding parties, both at sea and ashore. America's first amphibious assault landing occurred early in the Revolutionary War on 3 March 1776 as the Marines gained control of Fort Montagu and Fort Nassau, a British ammunition depot and naval port in New Providence, the Bahamas. The role of the Marine Corps has expanded significantly since then; as the importance of its original naval mission declined with changing naval warfare doctrine and the professionalization of the naval service, the Corps adapted by focusing on formerly secondary missions ashore. The Advanced Base Doctrine of the early 20th century codified their combat duties ashore, outlining the use of marines in the seizure of bases and other duties on land to support naval campaigns.

Throughout the late 19th and 20th centuries, Marine detachments served aboard Navy cruisers, battleships and aircraft carriers. Marine detachments served in their traditional duties as a ship's landing force, manning the ship's weapons and providing shipboard security. Marine detachments were augmented by members of the ship's company for landing parties, such as in the First Sumatran expedition of 1832, and continuing in the Caribbean and Mexican campaigns of the early 20th centuries. Marines developed tactics and techniques of amphibious assault on defended coastlines in time for use in World War II. During World War II, marines continued to serve on capital ships. They often were assigned to man anti-aircraft batteries.

In 1950 President Harry Truman responded to a message from U.S. Representative Gordon L. McDonough. McDonough had urged President Truman to add Marine representation on the Joint Chiefs of Staff. President Truman, writing in a letter addressed to McDonough, stated that "The Marine Corps is the Navy's police force and as long as I am President that is what it will remain. They have a propaganda machine that is almost equal to Stalin's." McDonough then inserted President Truman's letter, dated 29 August 1950, into the Congressional Record. Congressmen and Marine organizations reacted, calling President Truman's remarks an insult and demanded an apology. Truman apologized to the Marine commandant at the time, writing, "I sincerely regret the unfortunate choice of language which I used in my letter of August 29 to Congressman McDonough concerning the Marine Corps." While Truman had apologized for his metaphor, he did not alter his position that the Marine Corps should continue to report to the Navy secretary. He made amends only by making a surprise visit to the Marine Corps League a few days later, when he reiterated, "When I make a mistake, I try to correct it. I try to make as few as possible." He received a standing ovation.

When gun cruisers were retired by the 1960s, the remaining Marine detachments were only seen on battleships and carriers. Its original mission of providing shipboard security ended in the 1990s.

-- Wikipedia

 

 

United States Marines are a family bound by a single purpose: the protection of our Nation and the advancement of its ideals. Side by side as brothers and sisters, we are warriors. We welcome obstacles and thrive on challenge. Each Marine stands together as a vital part of a united force, greater than any individual and older than the very Nation we defend.

A Marine’s pride is not a selfish pride but a feeling of dignity and honor, knowing that he or she stands among the few who have overcome the mental, physical, and emotional challenges of becoming an elite fighter for our Nation.

Marines belong to the Corps, to one another and to the Nation we serve, united by pride and common purpose. We are committed to one another in order to win every battle today and into the future. Among our ranks stand those committed to a force unlike any other in the world.

When you become part of something more—you can do more. When you fight for a common cause, you form an uncommon bond. A shared willingness to fight. A collective refusal to lose. To become this—is to belong to this. The battle to become a Marine is a 13-week grueling and demanding path, along which a deeper purpose is found.

There are common threads in those woven into the fabric of this country. Sewn from what they’re willing to stand for. And what they’re able to stand against. From the good in their intent. And the honor in their dissent. From the commitments they make. And the values that make them. Renewing the American Spirit. With a fighting spirit. Finding a way to win, one battle after another. Fueled by a sense of belonging—to a bond like no other.

Wrongs in the world do not right themselves. Winning the battles we fight requires an ability to endure more than most and a determination that will not relent in the face of hardships and difficulty. If you have the mindset of a Marine, you can be an asset for our Nation, on any battlefield and against any challenge, obstacle or adversary.

-- https://www.marines.com/life-as-a-marine/benefits/purpose-and-belonging.html